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The Myhic Fire

Association

US Appendix

APPENDIX
to the
GENERAL INSTRUCTION
for the
UNITED STATES
 

                  The following notes, related to the individual sections of the General

                  Instruction of the Roman Missal, include adaptations made by the

                  National Conference of Catholic Bishops for the dioceses of the United

                  States, as well as supplementary Endnotes.

 

                  The numbers at the beginning of each section below refer to the respective

                  sections of the General Instruction. Unless otherwise indicated, decisions

                  of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops were taken at the plenary

                  session of November 1969.

 

                  11.Introduction and Invitation

 

                  With regard to the adaptation of words of introduction, see the circular

                  letter of the Congregation for Divine Worship, April 27, 1973. No. 14

                  reads:

 

                  Among the possibilities for further accommodating any individual

                  celebration, it is important to consider the admonitions, the homily and the

                  general intercessions. First of all are the admonitions. These enable the

                  people to be drawn into a fuller understanding of the sacred action, or any

                  of its parts, and lead them into a true spirit of participation.The General

                  Instruction of the Roman Missal entrusts the more important admonitions

                  to the priest for preparation and use. He may introduce the Mass to the

                  people before the celebration begins, during the liturgy of the word prior

                  to the actual readings, and in the eucharistic prayer before the preface; he

                  may also conclude the entire sacred action before the dismissal. The

                  Order of Mass provides others as well, which are important to certain

                  portions of the rite, such as during the penitential rite, or before the Lord's

                  Prayer. By their very nature these brief admonitions do not require that

                  everyone use them in the form in which they appear in the Missal.

                  Provisions can be made in certain cases that they be adapted to some

                  degree to the varying circumstances of the community. In all cases it is

                  well to remember the nature of an admonition, and not make them into a

                  sermon or homily; care should be taken to keep them brief and not too

                  wordy, for otherwise they become tedious.

 

                  19.Singing

 

                  See the statement of the Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy, "The Place of

                  Music in Eucharistic Celebrations" (Washington, 1968); revised ed.,

                  "Music in Catholic Worship" (Washington, 1972).

 

                  The settings for liturgical texts to be sung by the priest and ministers which

                  are given in The Sacramentary are chant adaptations prepared by the

                  International Commission on English in the Liturgy, rather than new

                  melodies. Other settings for the ministerial chants are those approved by

                  the National Conference of Catholic Bishops (November, 1965).

 

                  No official approbation is needed for new melodies for the Lord's Prayer

                  at Mass or for the chants, acclamations, and other song of the

                  congregation.

 

                  In accord with no. 55 of the instruction of the Congregation of Rites on

                  music in the liturgy (March 5, 1967), the Conference of Bishops has

                  determined that vernacular texts set to music composed in earlier periods

                  may be used in liturgical services even though they may not conform  in all

                  details with the legitimately approved versions of liturgical texts

                  (November, 1967). This decision authorizes the use of choral and other

                  music in English when the older text is not precisely the same as the official

                  version.

 

                  21.Action and Postures

 

                  At its meeting in November, 1969, the National Conference of Catholic

                  Bishops voted that in general the directives of the Roman Missal

                  concerning the posture of the congregation at Mass should be left

                  unchanged, but that no. 21 of the General Instruction should be adapted

                  that the people kneel beginning after the singing or recitation of the

                  Sanctus until after the Amen of the eucharistic prayer, that is, before the

                  Lord's Prayer.

 

                  26.Entrance Song

 

                  As a further alternative to the singing of the entrance antiphon and psalm

                  of the Roman Gradual (Missal) or of the Simple Gradual, the Conference

                  of Bishops has approved the use of other collections of psalms and

                  antiphons in English, as supplements to the Simple Gradual, including

                  psalms arranged in responsorial form, metrical and similar versions of

                  psalms, provided they are used in accordance with the principles of the

                  liturgical season, feast, or occasion (decree confirmed by the Concilium

                  for the Implementation of the Constitution on the Liturgy, December 17,

                  1968).

 

                  With regard to texts of other sacred song from the psalter, which may be

                  used as the entrance song, the following criterion was adopted by the

                  Conference of Bishops in November, 1969:

 

                  The entrance rite should create an atmosphere of celebration. It serves the

                  function of putting the assembly in the proper frame of mind for listening to

                  the word of God. It helps people to become conscious of themselves as a

                  worshipping community. The choice of texts for the entrance song should

                  not conflict with these purposes.

 

                  In general, during the most important seasons of the church year, Easter

                  time, Lent, Christmas, and Advent, it is preferable that most songs used at

                  the entrance be seasonal in nature.

 

                       There are thus four options for the entrance song:

 

                       (1) the entrance antiphon and psalm of the Roman Gradual;

 

                       (2) the entrance antiphon and psalm of the Simple Gradual;

 

                       (3) song from other collections of psalms and antiphons;

 

                       (4) other sacred song chosen in accord with the above

                       criterion.

 

                  The same options exist for the sacred song at the offertory and

                  communion, but not for the chants between readings (below).

 

                  Only if none of the above alternatives is employed and there is no

                  entrance song, is the antiphon in the missal recited.

 

                  36.Chants between the Readings

 

                  As a further alternative to (1) the singing of the psalms with its response in

                  the lectionary, (2) the gradual in the Roman Gradual, or (3) the

                  responsorial or alleluia psalm in the Simple Gradual, the Conference of

                  Bishops has approved the use of other collections of psalms and

                  antiphons in English, as supplements to the Simple Gradual, including

                  psalms arranged in responsorial form, metrical and similar versions of

                  psalms, provided they are used in accordance with the principles of the

                  Simple Gradual and are selected in harmony with the liturgical season,

                  feast, or occasion (decree confirmed by the Concilium for the

                  Implementation of the Constitution on the Liturgy, December 17, 1968).

 

                  The choice of texts which are not from the psalter (permitted at the

                  entrance, offertory, and communion) is not extended to the chants

                  between the readings.

 

                  For further information concerning the use of the chants between the

                  readings, see the forward and the introduction (VIII) to the Lectionary

                  for Mass (New York, Collegeville, Minn., 1970). In particular, see the

                  common texts for sung responsorial psalms (nos. 174-175), which may

                  be used in place of the text corresponding to the reading whenever the

                  psalm is sung.

 

                  During Lent the alleluia is not sung with the verse before the gospel.

                  Instead one of the following (or similar) acclamations may be sung before

                  and after the verse before the gospel:

 

                       Praise and honor to you, Lord Jesus Christ,  King of endless

                       glory!

                       Praise and honor to you, Lord Jesus Christ!

                       Glory and praise to you, Lord Jesus Christ!

                       Glory to you, Word of God, Lord Jesus Christ!

 

                  If the psalm after the reading is not sung, it is recited. The alleluia or the

                  verse before the gospel may be omitted if not sung (see no. 39 of the

                  General Instruction). The people stand for the singing of the alleluia before

                  the gospel (see no. 21 of the General Instruction).

 

                  45.General Intercessions

 

                  See the statement of the Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy, "General

                  Prayer or Prayer of the Faithful," July, 1969.

 

                  50.Offertory Song

 

                  The choice of texts for the offertory song is governed by the same rule as

                  the entrance song with the several options described above (no. 26). If

                  there is no offertory song, the offertory antiphon is omitted.

 

                  With regard to texts not from the psalter which may be used as the

                  offertory song, the following criterion was adopted by the National

                  Conference of Bishops in November, 1969:

 

                  The offertory song need not speak of bread and wine or of offering. The

                  proper function of the offertory song is rather to accompany and celebrate

                  the communal aspects of the procession. The text, therefore, may be an

                  appropriate song of praise or of rejoicing in keeping with the season.

                  Those texts are not acceptable which speak of the offering completely

                  apart from the action of Christ.

 

                  In general, during the most important seasons of the church year, Easter

                  time, Lent, Christmas, and Advent, it is preferable that most songs used

                  during the offertory be seasonal in character. During the remainder of the

                  church year, however, topical songs may be used during the offertory

                  procession, provided that these texts do not conflict with the paschal

                  character of every Sunday (Constitution on the Liturgy, art. 102, 106).

 

                  With regard to the offertory song, the statement of the Bishops'

                  Committee on the Liturgy of 1968 ("The Place of Music in Eucharistic

                  Celebrations") gives additional comments:

 

                  The procession can be accompanied by song. Song is not always

                  necessary or desirable. Organ or instrumental music is also fitting at this

                  time. The song need not speak of bread or wine or offering. The proper

                  function of this song is to accompany and celebrate the communal aspects

                  of the procession. The text, therefore, can be any appropriate song of

                  praise or of rejoicing in keeping with the season. (See approval criterion

                  above.) The song need not accompany the entire preparation rite. (The

                  song, if any, continues at least until the priest has placed the bread and

                  wine on the altar, while saying the accompanying prayers quietly; see no.

                  50 of the General Instruction, no.   19-21 of the Order of Mass.)

 

                  If there is no singing or organ or instrumental music, this may be a period

                  of silence (see no. 23 of the General Instruction). In fact, it is good to give

                  the assembly a period of quiet (that is, while the gifts are prepared and

                  placed on the altar, until the introduction to the prayer over the gifts;

                  "Pray, brethren . . . ") before demanding, at the preface, their full attention

                  to the eucharistic prayer.

 

                  56(b).Sign of Peace

 

                  The Conference of Bishops has left the development of specific modes of

                  exchanging the sign of peace to local usage. Neither a specific form nor

                  specific words are determined.

 

                  56(i).Communion Song

 

                  The choice of texts for the communion song is governed by the same rule

                  as the entrance song, with the several options described above (no. 26).

 

                  With regard to the texts not from the psalter which may be used as the

                  communion song, the following criterion was adopted by the National

                  Conference of Catholic Bishops in November, 1969:

 

                  The communion song should foster a sense of unity. It should be simple

                  and not demand great effort. It gives expression to the joy of unity in the

                  body of Christ and the fulfillment of the mystery being celebrated. Most

                  benediction hymns, by reason of their concentration on adoration rather

                  than on communion, are not acceptable, as indicated in the instruction on

                  music in the liturgy, no. 36.

 

                  In general, during the most important seasons of the church year, Easter

                  time, Lent, Christmas, and Advent, it is preferable that most songs used

                  during the offertory be seasonal in character. During the remainder of the

                  church year, however, topical songs may be used during the offertory

                  procession, provided that these texts do not conflict with the paschal

                  character of every Sunday (Constitution on the Liturgy, art. 102, 106).

 

                  Only if none of the above alternatives is employed and there is no

                  communion song, is the antiphon in the missal recited. Until the publication

                  of the complete new missal, the antiphon from the present missal is said in

                  such cases (Congregation for Divine Worship, instruction, October 20,

                  1969, no. 13).

 

                  59.Celebration by the Bishop

 

                  See Congregation of Rites, instruction on the simplification of pontifical

                  rites and insignia, June 21, 1968.

 

                  66.Women as Readers

 

                  The Conference of Bishops has given the permission for women to serve

                  as readers in accord with no. 66 of the General Instruction.

 

                  In February 1971 the Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy prepared a

                  commentary on the liturgical ministry of women:

 

                  1.With the exception of service at the altar itself, women may be admitted

                  to the exercise of other liturgical ministries. In particular the designation of

                  women to serve in such ministries as reader, cantor, leader of singing,

                  commentator, director of liturgical participation, etc., is left to the

                  judgment of the pastor or the priest who presides over the celebration, in

                  the light of the culture and mentality of the congregation.

 

                  2.Worthiness of life and character and other qualifications are required in

                  women who exercise liturgical ministries in the same way as for men who

                  exercise the same ministries.

 

                  3.Women who read one or other biblical reading during the liturgy of the

                  word (other than the gospel, which is reserved to a deacon or priest)

                  should do so from the lectern or ambo where the other readings are

                  proclaimed: the reservation of a single place for all the biblical readings is

                  more significant than the person of the reader, whether ordained or lay,

                  whether woman or man (cf. General Instruction, no. 272).

 

                  4.Other ministries performed by women, such as leading the singing or

                  otherwise directing the congregation, should be done either within or

                  outside the sanctuary area, depending on circumstances or convenience.

 

                  127.Office of Deacon

 

                  Several deacons, if they are present and wearing their vestments, may

                  distribute the various ministries among themselves (See Congregation of

                  Rites, instruction, June 21, 1968, no. 4, 5.)

 

                  153.Concelebration Mass

 

                  See the statement of the Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy,

                  "Concelebration," Newsletter, June, 1966.

 

                  240.Communion under Both Kinds

 

                  See the statement of the Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy, "Communion

                  under Both Kinds," Newsletter, July, 1966.

 

                  In accord with the instruction of the Congregation for Divine Worship on

                  communion under both kinds  (June 29, 1970), the National Conference

                  of Catholic Bishops in November 1970 added the following cases:

 

                  15.other members of the faithful present on the special occasions

                  enumerated in no. 242 of the General Instruction;

 

                  16.at funeral Masses and at Masses for a special family observance;

 

                  17.at Masses on days of special religious or civil significance for the

                  people of the United States;

 

                  18.at Masses on Holy Thursday and at the Mass of the Easter Vigil, the

                  norms of the instruction of June 29, 1970, being observed;

 

                  19.at weekday Masses.

 

                  263.Materials for Fixed Altars

 

                  Materials other than natural stone may be used for fixed altars, provided

                  these are worthy, solid, and properly constructed, subject to the further

                  judgment of the local Ordinary in doubtful cases.

 

                  270.Altar Cross

 

                  Only a single cross should be carried in procession, in order to give

                  greater dignity and reverence to the cross. It is desirable to place the

                  cross, which has been carried in the procession, near the altar, so that it

                  may serve as the cross of the altar. Otherwise it should be put away

                  during the service. (See Congregation of Rites, instruction, June 21, 1968,

                  no. 20.)

 

                  275.Musical Instruments

 

                  The Conference of Bishops has decreed that musical instruments other

                  than the organ may be used in liturgical services, provided they are played

                  in a manner that is suitable to public worship (November, 1967; see

                  Constitution on the Liturgy, art. 120). This decision deliberately refrains

                  from singling out specific instruments. Their use depends on

                  circumstances, the nature of the congregation, etc. In particular cases, if

                  there should be doubt as to the suitability of the instruments, it is the

                  responsibility of the diocesan bishop, in consultation with the diocesan

                  liturgical and music commissions, to render a decision.

 

                  288.Materials for Sacred Furnishings

 

                  Materials  other than the traditional ones may be used for sacred

                  furnishings, provided they are suitable for liturgical use, subject to the

                  further judgment of the local Ordinary in doubtful cases.

 

                  305.Material for Vestments

 

                  Fabrics, both natural and artificial, other than the traditional ones may be

                  used for sacred vesture, proved they are suitable for liturgical use, subject

                  to the further judgment of the local Ordinary in doubtful cases.

 

                  308.Color of Vestments

 

                  White, violet, or black vestments may be worn at funeral services and at

                  other offices and Masses for the dead (November, 1970).

 

                  318.Readings on Sunday and Feasts

 

                  According to the decision of the National Conference of Catholic

                  Bishops, the complete pattern of three readings for Sundays and feast

                  days should be completely implemented.

 

                  331.Days of Prayer

 

                  The Conference of Bishops has decreed that there be observed in the

                  dioceses of the United States, at times to be designated by the local

                  Ordinary in consultation with the diocesan liturgical commission, days or

                  periods of prayer for the fruits of the earth, prayer for human rights and

                  equality, prayer for world justice and peace, penitential observance

                  outside Lent (November, 1971). This is in addition to observances

                  customary on certain civic occasions such as Independence Day, Labor

                  Day, and Thanksgiving Day, for which either proper text or texts of The

                  Sacramentary and Lectionary for Mass are provided.

 

                  The Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy presented the above decision in

                  these terms: The expression of such days or periods of prayer should be

                  left as general as possible, so that the time, length, occasion, and more

                  specific intentions of prayer should be determined locally rather than

                  nationally. In this way no arbitrary rule is imposed until it becomes evident

                  that a pattern of such supplications is emerging from practice. See also

                  General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar, nos. 45-47.

 

                  340.Funeral Mass

 

                  Although the rite of final commendation at the catafalque or pall is

                  excluded, it is permitted to celebrate the funeral service, including the

                  commendations, in those cases where it is physically or morally impossible

                  for the body of the deceased person to be present (November, 1970).

 

                  For other adaptations in the funeral Mass and service, see the Rite of

                  Funerals (1971); Newsletter of the Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy,

                  April-May, 1971. The following refer directly to the eucharistic

                  celebration:

 

                  It is appropriate that the paschal candle be carried in the entrance

                  procession.

 

                  If the introductory rites have taken place at the church door, the priest

                  venerates the altar and goes to his chair. The penitential rite is omitted,

                  and the priest says or sings the opening prayer.

 

                  It is desirable that the first and second readings be read by relatives or

                  friends of the deceased person.

 

                  The homily may properly include an expression of praise and gratitude to

                  God for his gifts, particularly the gift of a Christian life, to the deceased

                  person. The homily should relate Christian death to the paschal mystery of

                  the Lord's victorious death and resurrection and to the hope of eternal life.

 

                  It is desirable that members of the family or friends of the deceased

                  person participate in the usual offering of the bread and wine for the

                  celebration of the eucharist, together with other gifts for the needs of the

                  church and of the poor.

 

                  If incense is used, the priest, after incensing the gifts and the altar, may

                  incense the body. The deacon or another minister then incenses the priest

                  and people.

 
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